Information about Thalassemia
Thalassemias are inherited blood disorders characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production. Symptoms depend on the type and can vary from none to severe. Often there is mild to severe anemia (low red blood cells). Anemia can result in feeling tired and pale skin. There may also be bone problems, an enlarged spleen, yellowish skin, dark urine, and among children slow growth.
Thalassemias are genetic disorders inherited from a person’s parents. There are two main types, alpha thalassemia and beta thalassemia. The severity of alpha and beta thalassemia depends on how many of the four genes for alpha globin or two genes for beta globin are missing. Diagnosis is typically by blood tests including a complete blood count, special hemoglobin tests, and genetic tests. Diagnosis may occur before birth through prenatal testing.
Treatment depends on the type and severity. Treatment for those with more severe disease often includes regular blood transfusions, iron chelation, and folic acid. Iron chelation may be done with deferoxamine or deferasirox. Occasionally, a bone marrow transplant may be an option. Complications may include iron overload from the transfusions with resulting heart or liver disease, infections, and osteoporosis. If the spleen becomes overly enlarged, surgical removal may be required
Consider the following before giving blood
- the age of a donor should be more than 18 and less than 60
- the weight of a donor should not be less than 45 kg
- the hemoglobin range of a donor should not less than 12.5 mg
- No major operations have been done.
- Should not have Malaria, typhoid, asthma,allergy and sensitivity.
- should not have tuberculosis and not have done vaccination in near days
- Blood Pressure should be normal,
- Should not have heart disease and diabetes
- Do not have blood before three months
Blood donation in Islam
Blood donation is clearly evident from the Quranic Ayats and sayings of the holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him).
Quran, says in Surah 5 verse 32 “if anyone saves a life, it shall be as though he had saved the lives of all mankind.”
May Allah SWT give’s a chance to every Muslim to be a blood donar